25.2.14

...and The Dinner Costs 1500CHF



"Oh! Surprise, Surprise and Surprise "

“ It is unbelievable”

“Things happen sometimes here in restaurants”

“Oh Shiva ! What happened with you?”

“Ohh, even in Zurich?"

“I am very sorry to know” 

and …….

A restaurant where bad thing happened
Yes, I kindly got several words when surprisingly my rucksack with Laptop, important diaries, and other accessories was stolen from a local restaurant “Markthalle les halles Restaurant”, located inPfingsweidstr.6, Hardbrücke, 8005 Zurich.

In that day (30.01.2014), I was attending GDC symposium, organized by Genetic Diversity Center, ETH  Zurich- where I delivered presentation on my research work. It was very nice experience  in sharing findings and to listen their scientific works from other researchers.

After joining an Apero offered by the organizer, we (with other nine colleagues from my institute, WSL) had gone out in a restaurant (Markthalle les halles )for a dinner. I was overwhelmed by the traditional style of bar (which I have seen in old English movies) and music from the corners. The way how they are using old bicycles for the decoration and all those old stuffs – concept is good. We were sitting, chatting and enjoying our dinner. I ordered special pasta and a drink. We spent almost three hours in a restaurant . It was fun. Then - good bye time. As we were planning to leave, I noticed that my bag was not there (nearby my chair). Surprised.

We (along with Carolina, Christian) were there at the end and searched around. But no any symptoms of getting back. Carolina asked a receptionist, and he said no way. “If there is something found- I will collect and you may visit tomorrow”. But tomorrow never comes. I guess, things were stolen while I was away for a rest room. We found that , a receptionist was also not serious about our issue, he was simply saying like “ It is common in his restaurant”.

Next day, I heard similar story from a young lady, who is also working in our institute. Her cash and cell phone were stolen in a same restaurant few weeks before. I am sure, we are not visiting that restaurant again and , neither recommending others.

That day was really tragic day. Along with laptop, also lost three expensive keys and that night even I could not go to my guest house. Colleague Christian invited me to join with him, and I am ever thankful to him.

With the help of Carolina, I have registered complain at Birmensdorf Police Station, nearby Zurich with the hope that I could get things back. Now, as a student, this is great loss for me. I lost around 1500 CHF; and till date, I have not received any news neither from Police nor from Lost and Found office. So, sad.


For the first time in my life, I was visiting police station. Since last couple of years I am travelling around like in India, China, Thailand, Germany….but now I am having very bad experience here in Zurich. 

One more Lesson learned, “Though Zurich is considered as exceptionally safe place, we should take care of our belongings. Do not overestimate the security system and underestimate the human behavior”.


15.6.13

Boat Riding on the Beautiful Lake of Zurich, Switzerland

Many of my colleagues at WSL (Where I am doing lab works for my degree) suggested me to visit Zurich lake and perceive the experience of boat riding. So, why not. Lets try and have lots of fun! We decided. Together with my mates, Sanjeev Dai and Jyoti jee - we three reached Burkliplatz, in the bank of Zurich Lake.

So excited, we got tickets for boat riding and started from 16:00 h. It was for short visit - means only for one and twenty five minutes. Though it was for short, we enjoyed alots. Here are some pictures (not so bad..taken by my mobile), hope these all will be interesting to all my blog readers.

(More details about time table, prices, special offers, special programme on special days are available on http://www.zsg.ch/en_home.html. It is better to organized and be prepared accordingly before visiting Zurich Lake for the boat riding)


Zurich Lake - Now boat is almost ready to move
View from Boat, Surroundings of Zurich Lake


Zurich lake and National Flag of Switzerland
What a lovely scenario..around Zurich Lake


Swiss houses, their design and surroundings



This is why Zurich is calm city


Another Boat - Zurich Lake 









It was really nice trip; Thnx Jyoti jii for the snap


14.6.13

New Methods and Techniques in Ecology and Evolution- Easy Tools for Data Analysis

PhD bites!!

What a funny joke!!

Oh! So many datas! how to solve the problems?

How to manage the datas?

How to analyze all and how to prepare scientific papers for ISI Journals? so many questions in a single mind and have to find solutions...

I got bit relief, after finding so many ideas related with new software, equipment, tools with new advances.

These application papers are really useful for all the researchers who are particularly focusing their priorities on ecology and evolution.

Please find a link below

http://www.methodsinecologyandevolution.org/view/0/applicationpapers.html


...and don't forget to share your experience.

Good Luck and have nice surfing and playing with the datas..

1.2.13

Attractive Mushrooms With Skirt Under the Cap : Phallus indusiatus from Nepal Himalaya

In last September 2012, for the first time I got this very interesting mushrooms during my excursion period. Though it is previously reported, I was desperately looking forward to find this and alike species since long back. Scientifically it is called Phallus indusiatus and locally called as Jaali Chyau. I was lucky enough to find it in Chekampaar, Tsum Valley, Manaslu Conservation Area, Gorkha, Nepal.


Phallus indusiatus @ Shiva Devkota
Mushrooms from Chekampaar, Tsum Valley, Manaslu, Nepal



Some Interesting facts about this mushrooms:

In eastern Asia, this mushrooms is considered a delicacy and an aphrodisiac.

In the time of China's Dynasty, the species was collected and sent to the Imperial Palaces of Yunnan Province to satisfy the appeite.

The Hong Kong price for a kilogram of dried mushrooms reached around US $770 in 1982.

Advances in cultivation have made the fungus cheaper and more widely available and and additional advances led to it dropping further to US$ 10-20.

2.8.12

Mushrooms Poisoning in Nepal : Basic Preventive and Curative Measures


A women showing poisonous mushrooms 
Amanita longistrata in Srinagar Hill, Palpa,
Western District, Nepal _10 people were 
died after eating this mushrooms in 
July 2005. Photo by: Shiva Devkota (2005)
Mushrooms poisoning is becoming serious problem in Nepal. Annually around 50 people are losing their life and hundreds of collectors are being poisoned. Undocumented poisoning cases are even higher. 

This article which I had published in SADHANA HEALTH magazine (3 years ago) on mushrooms poisoning, common methods of identifying poisonous mushrooms and some preventive and curative measures is somehow informative to prevent poisoning in present days context as well. Intentionally, this article is prepared in Nepali, so that every common people could read and benefit from the information.
A children collecting mushrooms (Lactarius thakalorum)
edible and locally praised at Lete village, Mustang,
 Nepal_Photo by Shiva Devkota (2005) 

More photographs related with the mushrooms poisoning in Nepal will be posted later.

If you want to know in details about wild mushrooms of Nepal, Ethnomycology, Domestication of wild mushrooms, Caterpillar mushrooms (Ophiocordyceps sinensis / Yarsagumba, Truffels and other aspects of mushrooms in Nepal Himalayas please feel free to contact me shivadevkota12@yahoo.com 


Rofp M s:tf] vfg], s:tf] gvfg]<
lzj b]jsf]6f

Local selling wild mushroomsTermitomyces sp in Bardiya,
Nearby Chisapani bridge, Western Nepal
Photo by: Shiva Devkota (2011)
Ramaria sp ready to cook_Collection from Sundarijal,
Nearby Kathmandu, Nepal
Photo by: Shiva Devkota (2007)
c;f/ kGw|sf] wfg/f]Kg] r6f/f]df h'6b} u/]sf] kfFry/ hLNnf n'Dkmfj'Ë uflj;sf] nfjtL] kl/jf/ oltv]/ 7'nf] zf]sdf 8'j]sf] 5 . c;f/ P3f/ ut] glhs}sf] h+Ënjf6 l6k]/ NofPsf] Rofp c1fgtfjz vfg x'g] ;Ddm]/ vfPkl5 kl/jf/sf ;b:ox?dWo] rf/ hgfsf] d[To' eof] eg] ;f9] tLgjif{sf] gftL / 5lJj; jlif{o v8s ;'Gb/ jLkL c:ktfn w/fgdf 56k6fO{/x]sf 5g . kfFry/sf] nfjtL] kl/jf/dfq geO{ wgs'6f t]lnof uflj;sf tfdf'Ë kl/jf/sf cj:yf klg p:t} 5 . ljiffn' Rofp vfPkl5 Ps}kl/jf/sf k};¶L jlif{o km'ndfof tfdfË / k}rfln; jlif{o cd[tdfof tfdfËn] olx c;f/ rf}lj;df Hofg u'dfP eg] cd[tdfofsf cjf]w P3f/  jlif{o 5f]/L / bz jlif{o 5f]/f lj/fdL k/]sf 5g . g]kfndf dfq geO{ Oltxf;sf 7'nf b'3{6gfx?df kf]k l/lSnd]G6 ;ftf}+, km|fG;sf /fhf rfN;{ 5}6f}+ / /f]dg ;d|f6 Snfpl8; ;];/sf] d[To' ljiffSt Rofpsf] ;]jgjf6 ePsf] xf] eGg] egfO{ kfO{G5 .

It is always wise to eat known and edible mushrooms_
Wild mushrooms (Ramaria, Gomphus, Hydnum and Russula)
 ready to taste at Local Hotel, Langtang National Park
Photo by Shiva Devkota (2008)
g]kfnsf] ;Gbe{df h+unL Rofpsf] ;]jgjf6 k'u]sf 7"nf Ifltx?sf] cflwsfl/s ljj/0f kfO{b}g\ . h+unL Rofpsf] jl9 k|of]u b'u{d jl:tx?df x'g] x‘'bf lj/fdL / d[To"sf ;j} vj/x? k|fKt gePsf x'g ;S5g\ . oL 36gfx? K|fltlgwL 36gfx? Dffq x'g / jiff{t;dodf g]kfndf k|To]s jif{ cf};t rfln; b]lv krf; hgf;Ddsf] Hofg uPsf] cg'dfg ug{ ;lsG5 . ljiffn' Rofpsf] ;]jgjf6 Ps} kl/jf/sf olt hgfsf] d[To'eGg] ;dfrf/ jf/Djf/ klqsfx?df cfO{/xG5g .
Ophiocordyceps sinensis_A caterpillar fungus
(In Nepali Yarsagumba, Kira, Buti, Chyau Kira)
Collected nearby Kyanzin, Langtang, Nepal
Photo by: Shiva Devkota (2008)

g]kfnL ;dfhdf Rofpsf] pkef]u ug]{ d'Vo /}yfg] hfltx?df tfdfª, g]jf/, z]kf{, ef]6], u'?·, /fO{, lnDj", ysfnL, bg'jf/, r]kfË / yf? x'g\ . g]kfndf kfO{g] Ps xhf/eGbf j9L hFunL Rofpsf k|hftLx?dWo] nueu b'O{;o c¶fO{; k|hftLdfq vfg of]Uo dflgG5g . vfgof]Uo / ljiffn' Rofp 5'6\ofpg] tl/sfx? cfkm}df h6Ln 5g\ . o:t} Rofp vfg x'G5 eg]/ ls6fgLsf ;fy eGg g;lsg] jt{dfg cj:yfdf k/Dk/fut 1fg / To;;+u hf]l8Psf df}lns wf/0ffx?g} klxrfgsf cfwf/x? x'g\ .

s:tf vfg]< s:tf gvfg]<

d]/f] ljut ;ft jif{sf] cg';Gwfgsf] cg'ejsf] cfwf/df s] s'/f k|i6 ePsf] 5 eg], w]/} h;f] Rofp dg k/fpg] / jiff{tsf] ;dodf h+unL Rofpsf] ;Fsng ug]{ ;Fsngstf{x?df vfg of]Uo Rofp lrGg] pgLx?sf cfkg} cg'ejx? 5g, h'g 7fFp ljif]zn] / ;d'bfo cg';f/ km/s km/s 5g . rLtjgsf r]kfËhftL x'g jf d':tfËsf ysfnL hftL ;j}sf cfkmg} 5'§f5'§} df}lns wf/0ffx? / t/Lsfx? 5g .
Russula species (Edible) collected nearby Annapurna Base
Camp, Nepal. Photo by: Shiva Devkota (2009)

;du|df g]kfnsf] ;Gbe{df x]g]{ xf] eg], ufO{j:t'n] 3f‘; vfg x'g] ?vx?df pd|]sf / ld7f] jf:gfbf/o'St Rofpx? vfgsf] nflu pko'St dflgG5g . lo nufot Rofpsf] 5ftfsf] kftnf] kq ;lhn} plSsg]  x'g'sf] ;fy} 8f‘7df cf}7L jf sf‘hf] h:tf] ePsf / 8f‘7 ;lhn} r'‘8fpg ;l'sg] Rofpx? klg vfgsf] nflu ;sng ug]{ ul/G5 . sltko cj:yfdf sldnf, ld+mËf, d';f, nf]vs]{, lj/fnf] h:tf hgfj/x? Rofpdfly j:g] / ltgLx?n] klg Tof] Rofp vfg] u/]sf] kfO{Pdf pSt Rofpx? vfgsf] nflu of]Uo dflgG5g .  tfdfË ;d'bfox? sltko Rofpx? l6k]/ b'O{  – tLg lbg ;Dd 3fddf ;'sfPdf vfg x'G5 eGg] ljZjf; /fVb5g .


Amanita concentrica _A poisonous
mushrooms collected from
Lumle, Kaskti
Photo by Shiva Devkota (2004)

           
Amanita sp_A Poisonous mushrooms
collected in Kanchenjunga _Ghunsa
valley. Photo by: Shiva Devkota (2012)

ljiffn' Rofp lrGg] cfwf/x? klg olx Gf} x'g eg]/ eGg t h6Ln 5, t/ klg Gfld7f] uGw / lttf] :jfb ePsf / k|fo h;f] df6f]df clg uf]j/df pd|]sf Hofb} /ftf, ;]tf, kx]nf, sfnf /Ësf Rofpx? vfgsf] nflu /fd|f dflgb}gg .  lrKnf] 5ftf / 8f‘7df sf‘8f, luvf{ / sTnf ePdf, nfdf] 8f‘7 clg 8f‘7sf] km]bdf 8NNff] jf y}nf] h:tf] ePdf -x]g'{; t:jL/_, RofpnfO{ b'w jf c08fdf /fVbf s]lx ;do kZrft b'w, c08f kmf6]df -hd]df_ Rof; ljiffn' x'g ;Sg] ;Defjgf w]/} x'G5 . Rofp ksfpbf rf‘bLsf] rDrf, Kofh / cb'jfsf] /Ë kl/jt{g x'G5 ls x'b}g hfFr u/]/ x]g]{ / olb /Ë kl/jt{g eof] eg] To:tf Rofp ljiffn' x'G5g eGg] ljZjf; g]kfnL ;dfh nufot o'/f]k]nL ;dfhdf klg /x]sf] kfO{G5 .

dfly pNn]lvt wf/0ffx? h:t} cGo w]/} wf/0ffx? g]kfn clw/fHoel/ 5l/P/ /x]sf x'g 
Amanita sp; A Poisonous mushrooms. Collected
from nearby Olangchugola, Kanchenjunga, Taplejung
Photo by: Shiva Devkota (2011)
;S5g\, logLx?nfO{ dfq cfwf/ dfg]/ Rofpsf] z]jg ug'{ j'lådtfk"0f{ x'b}g . ;dfhdf h] h:tf wf/0ffx? e]l6Ptf klg o;sf s'g} j}1flgs cfwf/x? xfn;DDf e]l6Psf 5}gg\ . o;sf/0f o:tf] egfO{ 5 eg]/ o;sf] kl5 nfUg' eg]sf] b'3{6gfnfO{ lgDTofpg' xf] . b]Vbf p:t} – p:t} b]lvP klg Pp6f vfgof]Uo / cs|f]{ ljiffn' x'g ;S5 . h}ljs tyf ch}ljs w]/} sf/s tTjx?sf sf/0fn] ubf{ Ps 7f‘pdf vfgof]Uo Rofp cs|f] 7f‘pdf ljiffSt klg x'g ;S5 . h:t}, tLn Rofp g]kfndf vfg of]Uo 5g eg] log} k|hftL hfkfg / o'/f]lkog d'nsx?df ljiffn' ?kdf klg x]l/G5g\ .



Fun with mushrooms_Please Be aware with poisonous
mushrooms_Rabindra Parajuli, my colleague showing
mushrooms in Dadheldhura, Far Western Nepal
Photo by Shiva Devkota (2011) 

ljiffn' Rofpsf c;/x?,
ljiffn' Rofpsf] pkef]u kZrft\ b]vfkg]{ nIf0fx? c;dfg / km/s k|s[ltsf x'G5g\ . Rofp ;]jg ug]{ dflg;sf] pd]/, Rofpsf] k|hftL clg slt dfqfdf ;]jg u/]sf] xf] To;s} cfwf/df nIf0fx? b]vf kb{5g\ . s'g} s'g} Rofpx? vfP nut} c;/ b]vf kg{ ;'? x'G5 eg] s'g} k|hftLx? vfPsf] tLg rf/ lbg kl5 dfq c;/x? b]vf kb{5g\ . h:t}M Ko"7fg ksnf uflj;sf b]j]Gb«/fh /fjnsf] kl/jf/df h+unL Rofp vfPsf] tLg lbg kl5 dfq nIf0f b]vf k/]sf] lyof] eg] Ps xKtf kl5 kl/jf/sf rf/ hgfsf] d[To' ePsf] lyof]. ;]jg kZrft\ b]vf kg}{ ;fwf/0f nIf0fx?dfM k]6 s/fpg z'? x'g', jfGtf x'g', ¥ofn r'xfpg', sdhf]/L dxz'; x'g', kvfnf nfUg', lbzfdf /ut b]vf kg'{, df‘;k];L j‘fpl8g', dfgl;s ;Gt'ng u'dfpg', zl// sf‘Kg z'? x'g', nfdf] lgb«fdf kg,'{ / d'v / lhj|f]df PnhL{ x'g' 5g\ .

hf]lvd sd ug]{ pkfox?,
Helvella crispa_Edible mushrooms_Collected from
Khumjung, Sagarmatha National Park, Nepal
Photo by Shiva Devkota
Rofpsf kf/vLx? Jfif{sf] Ps k6s t Rofp vfg' kb{5 eGg] wf/0ff /fVb5g . 3/df g} k/fndf pdfg{ ;lsg] Rofpx? eGbf k|fs[lts ?kdf hFundf kfO{g] Rofpx? :jflbnf dflgG5g . ljiffn' Rofp x'g ;Sg] ;Defjgfx?nfO{ s]nfpg ;Sof] eg] hFunL Rofpjf6 x'g ;Sg] hf]lvdnfO{ sd ug{ ;lsG5 . o;sf nflu ;8]sf, ls/fn] vfP/ jf‘ls /x]sf, w]/} slnnf] clg kmls|;s]sf Rofpx? vfg'x'b}+g\ . b'O{ jf ;f] eGbf jl9 k|hftLsf Rofpx? Ps} k6s vfg' x'b}g\ . vfg x'g] Rofpg} klg olb s;}n] klxnf] k6s vfg nfu]sf] xf] eg] w]/} dfqfdf vfg x'b}g\ . vfg x'g] Rofpsf] cf;kf;df cGo s'g} ljiffn' Rofpx? pd|]sf x'g;Sb5g\ h;n] ubf{ ljleGGf dfWodåf/f ljiffSt s0fx? vfg x'g] Rofp;Dd k'Ug ;Sb5g\ . o;sf/0f s'g} klg h+unL Rofp vfg' k"j{ nueu bz ldg]6 g'g kfgLdf jkmfpg' kb{5 . Knfli6ssf] dmf]nf, l6gsf] jfs; h:tf u'\D;g] ef‘8fdf slxNo} klg Rofp ;+sng ug'{ x'b}g .  Rofp ksfpbf b'O{ – rf/ yf]kf cldnf], cfv] l6d"/sf] w'nf] / /fVg' kb{5 . ljiffn' Rofp vfPsf] z+sf nfu]df k|z:t dfqfdf dgtftf] g'g kflg lkpg' kb{5 . cldnf], ;t'jf, cf‘v] l6d'/ / n;'g ld;fP/ lkw]/ vfg' kb{5, / hlt;Sbf] l56f] :jf:Yo s]Gb« hfg'kb{5 .

cGtodf,
c7f/f} ztfJbLjf6 z'? ePsf] g]kfnL Rofpsf] cWoog / cg';Gwfg xfnsf lbg;Dd 
Dried form of Morchella conica and Morchella esculenta;
Collected in Dolpa, Western Nepal
Photo by Shiva Devkota (2007)







cfO{k'Ubf z':t k|foM 5 . l;ldt lj1x?dfq o; If]qdf ;+nUg /x]sf] jt{dfg kl/k|]Iodf lhDd]jf/ ;DjlGwt lgsfox?n] o:tf k|sf/sf h}ljs ljljwtfsf] cWoog / cg';Gwfg ug]{ jftfj/0fsf] l;h{gf ug'{kb{5 . h;n] ubf{ Rofpsf] sf/0fn] ubf{ x'g] d[To"b/df sdL NofO{, pkef]u / ;Dj¢{g ;DjGwdf hgr]tgf hufpb}+ dxTjk"0f{ /}yfg] k|hftLx?sf] hu]gf{ ug{ ;lsg]5 .

Citation:

Devkota, S. 2009. Chyau Kasto Khaney, Kasto nakhaney? (= mushrooms, which to eat and which to omit ? Sadhana Health (magazine) (In Nepali) (Shrawan issue) 39-40. 




20.1.12

One Hundred New Species of Lichens Described in a Single Paper by 103 Authors

 I am excited to read the publication on 100 new lichen species in a single paper, equally contributed by 103 authors from around the world. Thanks to the Lichenologists, who shaped their findings in this good form.

Lobariella sipmanii_Photo by J. Jarman
Regarding the exploration of Lichens flora in Nepal, still a long way to go. Thousands of species are still waiting for their taxonomic treatment and dozens of species are extracted from the forest with the business point of view. So, research and management measures are demanding. I am sure that, further research on Lichens in Nepal, will bring good numbers of species new to science. As Nepal is cradle of biodiversity, we could expect good numbers of lichens.

But unfortunately, very few researches on lichens were made in Nepal. Since last year, under CDB-WSL Programme (Collaborative programme between Tribhuvan University-Nepal and WSL- Switzerland), we are collecting large numbers of species from Manaslu, Sagarmatha and Kanchenjunga areas. Now we have collected food numbers of various lichens and also interesting species of Lobaria and Stica.

The publication which made me fascinated is as below. This is copied from the website of The Field Museum. http://fieldmuseum.org/users/thorsten-lumbsch/blog/one-hundred-new-lichen-species-described


Biologists estimate our planet to harbor between 10 and 100 million species. Only about 2.2 million of these have been discovered and described. These include approximately 100,000 fungi (including lichens) but the true number of fungi and lichens is estimated between 750,000 and 1.5 million. At this rate of discovery, it might seem impossible that the remaining species ever be described. Taxonomists have long recognized this problem and are looking for innovative strategies to get at least part of the work done as quickly as possible. International collaboration is the key to this effort, whereas in the past, taxonomists mostly worked in small groups or as single authors.

Organized by lichenologists Thorsten Lumbsch and Robert Lücking from the Field Museum in Chicago, the international lichenological community made an effort to describe one hundred new lichen species in a single paper.
Lichens, intriguing symbiotic associations between fungi and algae or cyanobacteria, stick out by their capability to colonize almost any substrate in a wide range of terrestrial and even marine ecosystems and by their uses as bioindicators of environmental health and in the pharmaceutical industry.

The 100 new species described by Lumbsch et al. in their multi-authored paper in the most recent volume of Phytotaxa sounds like a drop in the bucket, but this is the first paper ever to describe so many species in a single publication by a multitude of authors, 102 to be exact. In fact, this is the largest number of authors ever to be united in a lichenological publication, and colleagues from all continents contributed to this work.

The 100 new species originate from no less than 37 different countries around the globe, including such illustrious places as the Galapagos Islands, Panama, Fiji, Kenya, Tasmania, and Antarctica. But new species are continuously discovered even in the well-known regions of North America and Europe.

The authors believe that such multi-authored papers might help to describe the remaining undiscovered species more quickly. The authors also hope that such papers help to make the public aware that there is a huge amount of species still undiscovered There is also an increasing effort to train young scientists in tropical countries rich in biodiversity but with limited scientific resources; many of these have contributed with discoveries of new species and are co-authors of this paper.

4.1.12

My Yahoo Account has been Hacked

Dear Blog readers and Friends,
So sad to inform you, my yahoo email devkotashiva@yahoo.com has been hacked by someone stupid.
So please use♦ shivadevkota12@yahoo.com or shiva.devkota@gmail.com for the further correspondances.
Thank you,

1.1.12

How to Identify Lichens?

Looking after the research scenario in Nepal, Lichens (Jhyauu / Jhulo /Tarey /Yangben) are poorly investigated. The cause behind this is, we have limited numbers of Lichenologists working on it and very often foreign scientists made researches in Nepal. The study on lichens demand more insights on their identification procedures. Essentials chemicals, labs and recent techniques are crucial for this kind of studies. In most of the European and American countries, they have lichenological societies and they are doing good in providing training, lab studies and bringing out lots of interesting publications.

I have found very interesting weblink to know the basic procedures in identification of the lichens. I hope you will love to read it.

Please follow the link

31.12.11

Every Happiness be Always with You in 2012

Dear All My Blog Viewers, I wish you Happy New Year 2012. This is one of my best photo from my this visit to Switzerland. I was lucky to click this photo in a sunny day from Albis Pass, nearby Zurich.

22.12.11

Poor Lichens (Jhyauu in Nepali) - Wealthy Politicians : Bitter Reality from Nepal

Lobaria pindarensis-Photo by Shiva Devkota
In July 2010, I was visiting  Western and Far-Western parts of Nepal (Nepalganj (Banke), Bardia, Kailali, Kanchenupur, Mahendranagar, Doti and Dadheldura) together with my two colleagues Mr Rabindra Parajuli and Mr Khem Kandel. The prime objective was to make study on different parameters (Sociological and Ecological) of Lichens. In Nepal lichens is called Jhyau, Tarey , Jhulo and Rai, Limbu and Sherpa people call it Yangben.

Everniastrum nepalense - Photo by Shiva Devkota
Why the discussion on Lichens after almost a year? yes, its obvious. In coming January 9-13, 2012, I am attending International Licheonological Symposium, at Bankok and delivering paper on "Trade and Traditonal Knowledge of Lichens in Nepal Himalayas" together with my professor Prof. Christoph Schedeigger from WSL, Switzerland, under whose supervision I am doing PhD since last almost a year. My PhD is not related with this ethnic and trade concept, but in my last frequent visits in Sagarmatha (Everest), Manaslu, and Kanchenjunga (Olangchugola) I have collected sufficient information on ethnolichenology and trade patterns.

Heterodermia leucomila - Photo by Shiva Devkota
While I am preparing my PowerPoint, and planning to prepare a research paper to submit in any of the ISI journal, I am getting excited with the realities behind the lichens in Nepal. Though it is called Jhyauu - infact it is much more important bio resource from the sociological and ecological aspects. In the name of management of lichens, there are many fragile rules and regulations in Nepal. So, pity is that, with the development of consensus among the players, sometimes government even lift the ban of lichen export. I am not saying that it is not good to harvest the lichens, but there must be some guidelines, stock estimation and market set up. The gap between real collectors and traders should be minimized for the equitable benefit sharing.

Freshly collected lichens- for the Kitchen - Photo:S Devkota
I was aware that, while I was in Nepalganj, my colleague SANAM introduced me with some traders, and provided a way to look their stores. Oh my God, store was with full of lichens and they were looking for the possibilities to send the lichens in India through illegal ways. Yaa, its common and every conservationists, every government staffs either from District Forest Offices of the respective districts or cadres of local level political parties - they all are aware about that.
Pure stand of Lobaria japonica, by SD

Businessmans know very well, when the government is going to lift the ban. It is really a surprise, and later on same things will happen. It seems that they are a key to open the padlock of government in getting permission for the short time. Once they made export of all the lichens, then government used to ban the lichens. What a Pity??

The news published in Myrepublica.com might be interesting reading to you as well:
Ban lift on lichen export unauthorized: CIAA
BIMAL GAUTAM
KATHMANDU, Sept 10: The Commission for the Investigation of Abuse of Authority (CIAA) has concluded that the decision taken by former Forest Minister Bhanu Bhakta Joshi to lift the ban on export of lichen worth Rs 42. 5 million was unauthorized.

Minister Joshi, in his capacity as a caretaker minister had decided to export 170,000 kilograms of lichen flouting the provisions of a gazette that had banned lichen export.
“We seized important documents and found that ex-minister Joshi had taken the decision for personal benefit,” said CIAA Secretary Bhagwati Kafle.

The Ministry of Forest and Soil Conservation (MoFSC) had banned export of lichen a year ago by publishing a gazette following a study that highlighted the adverse effects on biodiversity of such reckless exports.

Minister Joshi had decided to lift the ban for six months despite objections from MoFSC officials. “As per our investigation, Minister Joshi had decided to lift the ban simply to serve his personal interests,” said another CIAA source, adding, “We didn´t find any genuine logic behind the decision.”

Lichen is a grey, green or yellow plant-like organism that grows on trees, rocks and walls and is used for manufacturing herbal medicines and colors. According to experts, the herb is sold for at least Rs 250 per kg in India and China.

“Minister Joshi had claimed that the poor can benefit if the lichen in question is exported,” said CIAA source, adding, “However, his arguments are not convincing. We found him instead of trying to take an advantage in the name of the poor.”

Smelling rat over the deal, the Ministry of Law and Justice (MoLJ) had rejected Minister Joshi´s proposal. Minister Joshi had forwarded his decision paper at MoLJ seeking the latter´s approval to publish his decision in a gazette.

As per the existing legal system, a minister needs to get the consent of the law ministry to publish his decision in a gazette and publish it before it gets implemented.


Published on 2011-09-10 02:30:58